March 16 - Sprains, Strains and Contusions

How to Recognize and Prevent the Aches and Pains Most Common to Athletic Play

Athletes of all skill levels are bound to suffer some degree of injury during play or even pre- or post game. But, what exactly is your ailment and how should you treat it?

Sprains result when you over stretch or tear your capsule or ligament. Ligaments are tissues that connect bone to bone. The joint capsule is similar to a ligament and surrounds the joint.

Strains, also referred to as pulls, result from overstretching or tearing a muscle or tendon. Tendons are tissues that attach muscles to bones.

Contusions, typically known as bruises, are injuries to your tissue or bone in which the skin is not broken. Blood vessels rupture and bleed into the tissue causing discoloration. Bruises are usually blue or purple at first, and then gradually fade to various shades of brown, yellow and green as they rise to the surface of the skin.

For an informational handout on recognizing and caring for sprains, strains and contusion please visit: http://atsnj.org/documents/pdf/ATSNJ_Sprains_Strains_Contusions.pdf